The laws of quantum physics undoubtedly indicate that matter and antimatter should always be equal in their quantity. (...)
What we call matter is simply everything that is composed mostly of quarks, that aggregate into protons (positively charged subatomic particles) and neutrons, and also of electrons (which are negatively charged). Together, they form atoms.
On the other hand, antimatter can also create atoms of the same characteristics and overall electric charge, with the only one difference: their nuclei consist of antiquarks (antiprotons and antineutrons), while their mantle is being filled with positrons (electron’s positively charged counterparts).
However, if you were to combine atoms of matter and antimatter, you would get a huge explosion of energy. Atom and antiatom would have completely annihilated. They are exact opposites.
The laws of quantum physics undoubtedly indicate that matter and antimatter should always be equal in their quantity. Whenever pure energy is converted into particles, a pair of matter-antimatter particles pops up into existence. In accordance with that, one could posit that in the beginning of time there should be exactly the same amounts of matter and antimatter, after which they would have annihilated, making this universe lifeless, composed of pure energy only.
Nevertheless, all astronomical observations have clearly shown that matter dominates over antimatter. In fact, there is only matter in this cosmos. So far, no scientific theory was able to reliably explain this outcome.
The Nature of Time
This is the question that cannot be answered without the involvement of consciousness, despite the fact that many physicists are very reluctant to take it seriously.
In accordance with Einstein’s theory of relativity, time is interchangeable with space within the space-time continuum. Time is only one of the dimensions in that continuum.
(...) All particles of matter behave as antimatter particles when the arrow of time is reversed.
It is easy to conclude that our consciousness actually is moving steadily along the fourth axis of the 4D space-time chart, hence giving us the impression that everything is changing. We are moving along that time axis and everything else around us seems to be moving as well. That seemingly steady translation of our conscious focus along that one space-time coordinate is deeply ingrained in our subconscious. Nevertheless, the whole four-dimensional space-time continuum is static per se.
Direction of Time Resolves the Conundrum
Another important point is that all the particles of matter behave as antimatter particles when the arrow of time is reversed. That’s what the equations tell us. In other words, if time were starting going backward, the particles of matter would become their opposites – the particles of antimatter. An electron would become positron, a quark would be anti-quark, etc.
When we take into account the assumption of our consciousness moving in only one direction of time, then it’s easy to assume that, for us, all the matter would become antimatter if our consciousness would suddenly begin moving backward in time. Still, from the “vantage point” of the static four-dimensional space-time continuum, as there is no specific direction of consciousness’ movement, the total amount of matter and anti-matter is equal. Actually, it’s zero, as matter and anti-matter cancel each other out completely.
Therefore, there’s no matter-antimatter asymmetry at all. We just have to take into account our own consciousness, and the puzzle is solved.